ISO Central Secretariat:
International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
1, rue de Varembé, Case postale 56
CH-1211 Geneva 20, Switzerland
Telephone +41 22 749 01 11; Fax +41 22 733 34 30

ISO Registration Process

Date: August 18, 2006
Proposer: Hugh Ching
Subject: Universal Permanent Numbers (UPN) or
Universal Permanent Number Standard (UPNS)


Standardization in the field of Information Management For Search Engines.
Standardization of all the permanent number systems into one universal permanent number system.

Purpose and Justification

All the current number standards are designed to contain permanently distinct numbers, but not universally distinct numbers. The numbers in these standards are distinct from each other to infinity in time, but are not distinct from the numbers in other standards. The Universal Permanent Numbers standard is designed to contain universal and permanent distinct numbers or numbers distinct from each other to infinity in time and space.

Almost all the artificially created permanent number standards should be converted to the Universal Permanent Number Standard (UPNS), which is a natural standard with natural constraint of universal and permanent distinct of the numbers (for universal search on the Internet) and the requirement that all the meanings of the Numbers to be remembered by completely automated software (described below).

The proposed Universal Permanent Number Standard (UPNS) was developed based on my solution to value and my solution to completely automated software. The solution to value is disclosed in the patent "Quantitative Supply And Demand Model Based On Infinite Spreadsheet" (Pat. No. 6,078,901). The solution to software is disclosed in the patent "Completely Automated And Self-generating Software System" (Pat. No. 5,485,601). The solution to value requires that a rational decision must take into consideration all the consequences to infinity in time and space. Value is defined as the sum total of all the benefits and losses to infinity in time. Few, if any decisions today, in the absence of the solution to value, consider the consequences of a decision or design to infinity in time and space. In particular, almost all the current number standards are designed without taking the considerations to infinity in time and space. Since integer numbers are unlimited, it would not be difficult to design a number standard whose numbers are universally distinct from each other, as well as permanently distinct from each other, to replace all the existing number standards. The Universal Permanent Number Standard is proposed mainly based on the concept of Universal Permanent Numbers, whose meanings can be remembered by the completely automated software or Permanent Software, which is in contrast to the current temporary software. In general, complete automation is the solution to unlimited complexity, such as in life science and the unlimited numbers in number standards.

Programme of work

The Universal Permanent Numbers consortium will be a consortium of consortiums. It will require the participation of most of the consortiums of number standards to get Internet search companies to put Universal Permanent Numbers at the top of search ranking for the benefit of all the participants and the society. The Internet makes the Universal Permanent Number Standard not just more desirable than the current universally conflicting permanent number standards, but also mandatory for the purpose of the search engine. The Universal Permanent Numbers consortium, if formed, can request search engine companies such as Google, Yahoo, and MSN, to search for items represented by Universal Permanent Numbers as the first priority when an integer is inputted to be searched. The Universal Permanent Numbers consortium will try its best to maintain the status quo of the current number standards with only necessary modifications or modifications for enhance the value of the Universal Permanent Number Standard.

Survey of Similar Work

All the permanent number systems, such as ISBN, Unicode, Patent Numbers, Serial Numbers, product numbers, Social Security Numbers, Credit Card Numbers, Driver's License Numbers.


Hugh Ching holds, in addition to the above mentioned two patents, the sole copyright to the Universal Permanent Numbers, which form a complete set of integers from minus infinity to plus infinity.
Organization: Registering as an individual (Hugh Ching)
Street Address: PO BOX 461
City: Berkeley
State: CA
Zip Code: 94701
Country: USA
Phone: (510) 843-1242

Because only one source can issue Universal Permanent Numbers, it is not possible or proper, in case of dispute, to release the copyrights to the public. The holder of the public domain completely automated software patent (Hugh Ching) is most appropriate to hold the copyrights and to guide the development of the completely automated software to technically support the Universal Permanent Number Standard. Conceptually, the Universal Permanent Number Standard is a natural standard with natural constraint of unlimited growth in the number of Universal Permanent Numbers; it must be supported by the completely automated software to remember the meanings for which the Numbers stand.

Other comments:

Web sites describe the development of Universal Permanent Numbers: The role Universal Permanent Numbers play in the overall scheme of complete automation:

Some outdated discussions on the Universal Permanent Numbers:

The people involved the development of Universal Permanent Numbers as a part of post-science, knowledge beyond science:

Universal Permanent Numbers are in contrast to the perfectly flexible temporary Universal Computer Source Codes, as described in the web site:

An short introduction of Hugh Ching, the copyright holder of UPNS:

Today's search engines are designed mainly for random search of temporary information, such as news items, with unfaithful search of permanent information. We need search engines designed for faithful search of permanent entities. Therefore, we need to first give names to the universal permanent entities. For machine operation, these names is best in the form of integers, for integer is the native language of the machine. For example, a universally distinct human language name for a graph is difficult, but an integer name is easy. The description of the graph will be remembered in a record in the accompany Permanent Software. A paper on Universal Computer Source Code is attached to put the Universal Permanent Numbers in an overall perspective in terms of the Permanent Software and complete automation. The Universal Permanent Numbers will be a first correct product in the Age of Life Science, which is characterized by complete automation; it is the first step in complete automation by giving all the permanent entities a name in terms of integers, the native language of machines and for completely automated handling.

Home Page